The right label for your designs and products

The components of a self-adhesive label

The components of a self-adhesive label

There are four main components in self-adhesive laminate labels.

The top layer is a paper or filmic material with an adhesive applied to one side, and the other side prepared for printing. These two components form the label itself.

The bottom layer is a paper or filmic backing material for carrying the label through the print process before it is applied to a product. A silicone release coating is added to the backing material to aid the removal of the label in preparation for application.

Face materials

UPM Raflatac has an extensive selection of label materials. This includes everything from papers to films in a range of colours, opacity and textures.


Specifications

Paper face materials

  • uncoated papers
  • gloss- and matt-coated papers
  • coloured papers
  • paper labels with wet-strength capacity (for wine bottles or other challenging end-uses)

Filmic face labels

  • polyethylene (PE)
  • polypropylene (PP)
  • polyester (PET)

PE films are often used in applications such as shampoo and cosmetics containers where squeezability is required.

PP films offer good durability and dimensional stability. Additionally, clear PP films have high clarity and are often used to accomplish the no-label look.

PET films are the ideal choice when resistance to water, oil or chemicals is important.

All our filmic face materials are recyclable.

Realise your vision

For more extreme, eye-catching labelling we offer a range of specialist label materials that include foils, vacs and holographic materials. UPM Raflatac also offers tailor-made paper and film products to meet more demanding needs.

Adhesives

Good adhesion is as vital to the performance of the label as it is to the clean look and design. Choosing the right adhesive for your end-use is very important.


Specifications

Types of adhesion

  • permanent
  • semi-permanent
  • removable
  • washable
  • special adhesives

Each range consists of numerous adhesives with different adhesion properties and appearances, which vary according to the requirements set by the end-use.

Eco-friendly adhesion

UPM Raflatac produces adhesives that are both solvent-free and environmentally friendly - without compromising performance.

Backing material

The backing material seldom influences your label design. The chosen backing, with its silicone release coating, is a factor that is important in the production and application phase.

Specifications

Glassine backing materials

UPM Raflatac offers transparent, white and honey glassine backings for roll stock labels. Glassine backings are uncoated and come in a variety of weights.

High-density glassine

High-density glassine backings have a lower deviation in thickness and higher density meaning they perform better when die-cutting filmic face materials if compared to glassine or kraft backings.

Filmic backing materials

Polyester (PET) or polypropylene (PP) backing materials are clear and specially designed for use with transparent filmic face materials in applications requiring excellent clarity.

Film backings provide a smooth adhesive layer for uniform contact with the face material, and have good strength characteristics for high-speed and demanding applications.

Kraft backing materials

Kraft backings are coated on one side. They are more rigid than either glassine or high-density glassine backings of the same weight.

Kraft backings are used in both sheet stock and A4 applications because they provide a suitable backing that feeds smoothly into laser, inkjet and copier printers. Kraft is also ideal when the application requires flat-sheet conversion.

Types of End-use

Types of end-use

Challenging environments require special properties from label materials - resistance to water, chemicals and oil are just some of the properties demanded from labels.

Whatever you have in mind, UPM Raflatac produces specialised solutions suitable for all end-uses.

Wine labelling

Traditional coated and textured paper materials remain the most popular choice for wine, although films have begun to be more widely adopted.

Coated and textured papers remain the label of choice in the wine industry. The need for a high-quality appearance and a resistance to moisture is often important, especially for wines sitting in ice buckets.

Papers come in various textures, from almost totally smooth to heavily textured. The strength of the texture determines what print processes are suitable for the selected material.

Even though papers are most commonly used, films have begun to be more widely adopted in wine labelling, and offer further design possibilities.


Beverage labelling

Clear labels are the prominent choice for many beverage applications, but paper materials are still commonly used. Beverage labelling covers spirits, beers, bottled waters and soft drinks.

Beverage manufacturers mainly prefer clear-on-clear labelling solutions, which typically involve transparent glass or polyester (PET) bottles. This produces a no-label look. These filmic labels are also used due to their resistance to water, humidity and cool temperatures.

However, paper materials remain popular for certain applications and must also be resistant to various conditions.

This area of beverage labelling covers spirits, beers, FABs (flavoured alcoholic beverages) NABs (non-alcoholic beverages), bottled waters and soft drinks.

Personal care labelling

Personal care labelling covers a range of applications such as hair care, skin care, oral hygiene, sun care, bath and shower products, fragrances, perfumes and cosmetics.

Typical label properties the personal care industry requires include:

  • flexible labels for flexible packages
  • waterproof materials
  • strong resistance to oil and chemicals

UPM Raflatac's range of polyethylenes (PEs) and polypropylenes (PPs) covers the majority of applications.

Food labelling

Labels used in the food industry need to attract consumers by being eye catching. Labels also form an important part of the branding and overall image of food products.

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Labels for use in the food industry often need to retain their adhesive properties when exposed to cold and moist surfaces, and also when placed in deep freeze storage. Labels may also need to be resistant to fat and oil.

Packages to be labelled include glass, hard and soft plastics, fibre-based materials like paper and card, as well as metals. Special areas in food labelling include open-closure (resealing) applications.

The majority of UPM Raflatac's self-adhesive label stock is suitable for indirect food labelling and comply with at least one of the main food FDA or BfR regulations.

Pharmaceutical labelling

Pharmaceutical labelling is a relatively small area in the labelling industry. Labels generally need to suit a wide range of applications and withstand various challenging environments.

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The demanding applications encountered in the pharmaceutical industry require special properties from the labels.

Examples include adhesives with non-migration properties, the ability to withstand various sterilization processes and storage at extremely low temperatures (-80° C).

Home care labelling

The home care product sector is becoming increasingly competitive, so the typical approach to labelling is changing.


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The home care market - under-the-sink products - has traditionally been dominated by the use of paper-based label materials. However, due to the demand to stand out in a highly competitive sector, the use of filmic labels is growing rapidly.

Special market area labelling

UPM Raflatac's labelstock products are designed to meet the specific needs of special market areas such as Security, Tyres, Retail, Logistics and Transport.

More

A label can carry out other functions than simply providing product information. Uses include:

  • Tamper Evidence - Labels such as void labels, frangible papers and ultra-destructible materials show if a product has been tampered with or contaminated.
  • Brand Protection - Labels with holograms, fluorescent fibres or selectively metallised films offer an easy way to determine the authenticity of labelled goods.
  • Anti-theft - These labels are commonly used in the retail environment. They are most often fitted with RFID technology or are electromagnetic.

Face materials

close

UPM Raflatac has an extensive selection of label materials. This includes everything from papers to films in a range of colours, opacity and textures.

Paper face materials

Filmic face labels

PE films are often used in applications such as shampoo and cosmetics containers where squeezability is required.

PP films offer good durability and dimensional stability. Additionally, clear PP films have high clarity and are often used to accomplish the no-label look.

PET films are the ideal choice when resistance to water, oil or chemicals is important.

All our filmic face materials are recyclable.

Realise your vision

For more extreme, eye-catching labelling we offer a range of specialist label materials that include foils, vacs and holographic materials. UPM Raflatac also offers tailor-made paper and film products to meet more demanding needs.

Adhesives

close

Good adhesion is as vital to the performance of the label as it is to the clean look and design. Choosing the right adhesive for your end-use is very important.

Types of adhesion

Each range consists of numerous adhesives with different adhesion properties and appearances, which vary according to the requirements set by the end-use.

Eco-friendly adhesion

UPM Raflatac produces adhesives that are both solvent-free and environmentally friendly - without compromising performance.

Backing material

close

The backing material seldom influences your label design. The chosen backing, with its silicone release coating, is a factor that is important in the production and application phase.

Glassine backing materials

UPM Raflatac offers transparent, white and honey glassine backings for roll stock labels. Glassine backings are uncoated and come in a variety of weights.

High-density glassine

High-density glassine backings have a lower deviation in thickness and higher density meaning they perform better when die-cutting filmic face materials if compared to glassine or kraft backings.

Filmic backing materials

Polyester (PET) or polypropylene (PP) backing materials are specially designed for use in applications requiring excellent clarity and good strength.

Film backings provide both a smooth adhesive layer for uniform contact with the face material, which with transparent face materials gives excellent clarity to the label, and good strength characteristics for high-speed, high-volume, demanding applications. They reduce the risk of web breaks and because they are thinner than paper liners, there can be more labels per roll, reducing the need for roll changes, packaging, transport, stock space and waste. It is also possible to recycle these materials via UPM's RafCycle concept.

Kraft backing materials

Kraft backings are coated on one side. They are more rigid than either glassine or high-density glassine backings of the same weight.

Kraft backings are used in both sheet stock and A4 applications because they provide a suitable backing that feeds smoothly into laser, inkjet and copier printers. Kraft is also ideal when the application requires flat-sheet conversion.

Wine labelling

close

Coated and textured papers remain the label of choice in the wine industry. The need for a high-quality appearance and a resistance to moisture is often important, especially for wines sitting in ice buckets.

Papers come in various textures, from almost totally smooth to heavily textured. The strength of the texture determines what print processes are suitable for the selected material.

Even though papers are most commonly used, films have begun to be more widely adopted in wine labelling, and offer further design possibilities.

Beverage labelling

close

Beverage manufacturers mainly prefer clear-on-clear labelling solutions, which typically involve transparent glass or polyester (PET) bottles. This produces a no-label look. These filmic labels are also used due to their resistance to water, humidity and cool temperatures.

However, paper materials remain popular for certain applications and must also be resistant to various conditions.

This area of beverage labelling covers spirits, beers, FABs (flavoured alcoholic beverages) NABs (non-alcoholic beverages), bottled waters and soft drinks.

Personal care labelling

close

Typical label properties the personal care industry requires include:

UPM Raflatac's range of polyethylenes (PEs) and polypropylenes (PPs) covers the majority of applications.

Food labelling

close

Food labelling is the most diverse of all label end-uses.

Labels for use in the food industry often need to retain their adhesive properties when exposed to cold and moist surfaces, and also when placed in deep freeze storage. Labels may also need to be resistant to fat and oil.

In addition to these physical properties, labels used in the food industry serve the need for an eye-catching effect at the point of sale and are also an important element in branding.

Packages to be labelled include glass, hard and soft plastics, fibre-based materials like paper and card, as well as metals. Special areas in food labelling include open-closure (resealing) applications.

The majority of UPM Raflatac's self-adhesive label stock is suitable for indirect food labelling and comply with at least one of the main food FDA or BfR regulations.

Pharmaceutical labelling

close

The demanding applications encountered in the pharmaceutical industry require special properties from the labels.

Examples include adhesives with non-migration properties when labelling on a liquid filled LDEP package, the ability to withstand various sterilization processes and storage at extremely low temperatures (-80° C).

On small-diameter substrates, such as test tubes, syringes and vials, labelling requires special attention, especially when the diameter is below 15 mm. In these cases, overlapped labelling, together with an appropriate combination of face material and adhesive, helps assure success.

Pharmaceutical products need to be traceable, with batch numbers and expiry dates printed on the label. Accordingly, the printability of the face material, often by thermal transfer, is important.

Pharmaceutical companies require special label materials that have been put through extensive assessments such as migration studies and stability tests. To this end, we serve our pharmaceutical customers with technical support for migration studies.

Home care labelling

close

The home care market - under-the-sink products - has traditionally been dominated by the use of paper-based label materials. However, due to the demand to stand out in a highly competitive sector, the use of filmic labels is growing rapidly.

Labels often have to be conformable, squeeze resistant, and resistant to water, oils and chemicals. They also need to support product differentiation and branding.

UPM Raflatac's range of polyethylenes (PEs) and polypropylenes (PPs) covers the majority of home-care labelling applications, including:

Special market area labelling

close

UPM Raflatac's labelling solutions for special markets include: